From the Vulgate firmamentum, which is used as the translation of the Hebrew raki'a. This word means simply "expansion." It denotes the space or expanse like an arch appearing immediately above us. They who rendered raki'a by firmamentum regarded it as a solid body. The language of Scripture is not scientific but popular, and hence we read of the sun rising and setting, and also here the use of this particular word. It is plain that it was used to denote solidity as well as expansion. It formed a division between the waters above and the waters below (Gen. 1:7). The raki'a supported the upper reservoir (Ps. 148:4). It was the support also of the heavenly bodies (Gen. 1:14), and is spoken of as having "windows" and "doors" (Gen. 7:11; Isa. 24:18; Mal. 3:10) through which the rain and snow might descend.

Easton's Bible Dictionary. . 1897.

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  • firmament — [ firmamɑ̃ ] n. m. • XIIe; lat. relig. firmamentum, class. « appui, soutien », de firmare « rendre ferme » ♦ Littér. La voûte céleste. ⇒ ciel, empyrée. Le bleu du firmament. ● firmament nom masculin (latin ecclésiastique firmamentum, du latin… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Firmament — is the usual English translation of the Hebrew raqiya (pronounced rä·kē ·ah) meaning an extended solid surface or flat expanse, considered to be a hemisphere above the ground. [Blue Letter Bible. [… …   Wikipedia

  • firmament — FIRMAMÉNT s.n. (livr.) Boltă cerească; cer2. – Din fr. firmament, lat. firmamentum. Trimis de RACAI, 13.09.2007. Sursa: DEX 98  FIRMAMÉNT s. v. cer. Trimis de siveco, 13.09.2007. Sursa: Sinonime  firmamént s …   Dicționar Român

  • Firmament — • The notion that the sky was a vast solid dome seems to have been common among the ancient peoples Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Firmament     Firmament      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Firmament — Sn Himmel, Himmelsgewölbe erw. stil. (13. Jh.), mhd. firmament Entlehnung. Entlehnt aus spl. firmamentum (eigentlich: Befestigungsmittel ), zu l. fīrmāre befestigen , zu l. fīrmus fest . Nach mittelalterlicher Vorstellung hatte jeder der sieben… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • Firmament — Fir ma*ment, n. [L. firmamentum, fr. firmare to make firm: cf. F. firmament. See {Firm}, v. & a.] 1. Fixed foundation; established basis. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] Custom is the . . . firmament of the law. Jer. Taylor. [1913 Webster] 2. The region of …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • firmament — FIRMAMENT. s. m. Le ciel où sont les estoiles fixes. Les estoiles du firmament, les astres du firmament. sous le firmament. En Poësie on dit, Les feux du firmament, pour dire, Les estoilles …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • Firmament — Firmament, nach Luther s Uebersetzung die Veste, soviel wie das Himmelsgewölbe. Es erhielt diese Benennung nach dem irrigen Glauben der Alten, daß der sichtbare Himmel fest sei und die Erde gleich einer krystallenen Schale umgebe. Noch in neuerer …   Damen Conversations Lexikon

  • firmament — mid 13c., from L. firmamentum firmament, lit. a support or strengthening, from firmus firm (see FIRM (Cf. firm) (adj.)), used in Vulgate to translate Gk. stereoma firm or solid structure, which translated Heb. raqia, a word used of both the vault …   Etymology dictionary

  • Firmament — (von lateinisch firmamentum „Befestigungsmittel“), auch Himmelsgewölbe, bezeichnet: im babylonischen Weltbild (und im biblischen Weltbild, das darauf beruht) eine Trennung, die (vergleichbar einer riesigen Glasglocke) den Luftraum der Welt von… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Firmament — (v. lat.), der sichtbare Himmel, in der Vorstellung der Alten, daß solcher fest sei, s.u. Himmel …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

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